MUHAMMAD SPOKE THE SATANIC VERSES - THE EVIDENCE AND PROOF
Muslims frequently use the phrase "bring forth the proof". Well, the proof is presented here.
This event is documented by the four early biographical writers of Muhammad's life: Ibn Ishaq, Wakidi, Ibn Sa'd, and Tabari.
The Hadith and Quran also contain direct references. Additionally several other Islamic scholars on Hadith (traditions) support
the event's occurrence.
One Islamic book on Muhammad's life provides the following list:
"... many of the traditionalists have recorded it with reference to the chains of its narrators. Among them more commonly
known are: al-Tabari, Ibn Abi Hatim, Ibn al-Mundhir, Ibn Mardauyah, Ibn Ishaq, Musa ibn 'Uqba, and Abu Ma'shar. It is all
the more strange that Ibn Hajar, a recognized authority on traditions insists on the truth of this report and says, "As we
have mentioned above, three of its chains of narrators satisfy the conditions requisite for an authentic report." 
I have found four of the early Islamic biographical sources for this story in English. Therefore, prior to a discussion
and analysis of the event, their writings should be reviewed. What first follows are the four accounts related from the 4
1) Tabari's "History", published by SUNY, and translated by Watt ,
2) the "Kitab al-Tabaqat
al-Kabir", (The Book of the Major Classes), translated by S. Moinul Haq ,
3) the "Sirat Rasulallah" (The
Life of Allah's Prophet) by Ibn Ishaq, translated by A. Guillaume ,
4) Wakidi's biographical material on
Muhammad also includes the story of Muhammad speaking Satan's words. I have not been able to find Wakidi's entire work in
English but Wakidi's work is quoted by W. Muir in "The Life of Mahomet" .
5) A sub source from #3 above is
found in "New Light on the Life of Muhammad", by A.. Guillaume . This source is from a manuscript containing information
from other sources as well as Ibn Ishaq. The writer of the manuscript, Yunus ibn Bukayr, heard Ibn Ishaq's lectures at Kufa
(located in modern Iraq), and made notes.
6) Additional supporting evidence will be provided from the Sahih
Hadith of Bukhari .
7) Finally, verses from the Quran will be provided as concurring evidence that Muhammad
spoke the Quranic verses 
THE EVIDENCE: THE EARLY ISLAMIC SOURCESNOTE: My comments will be in [ ] type brackets. Author's brackets will be in ( ) type brackets.
TABARI volume 6, page 107
SATAN CASTS A FALSE REVELATION ON THE MESSENGER OF GOD'S TONGUE
The messenger of God was eager for the welfare of his people and wished to effect a reconciliation with them in whatever
ways he could. It is said that he wanted to find a way to do this, and what happened was a follows. (170)
Ibn Humayd -
Salamah-Muhammad b. Ishaq - Yazid b. Ziyad al-Madani - Muhammad b. Ka'b al-Qurazi: When the messenger of God saw how his tribe
turned their backs on him and was grieved to see them shunning the message he had brought to them from God, he longed in his
soul that something would come to him from God which would reconcile him with his tribe. With his love for his tribe and his
eagerness for their welfare it would have delighted him if some of the difficulties which they made for him could have been
smoothed out, and he debated with himself and fervently desired such an outcome. Then God revealed:(171)
"By the Star when it sets, your comrade does not err, nor is he deceived; nor does he speak out of (his own) desire..."
and when he came to the words:
Have you thought upon al-Lat and al-Uzza and Manat, the third, the other?
Satan cast on his tongue, because of his inner debates and what he desired to bring to his people, the words:
"These are the high flying cranes; verily their intercession is accepted with approval. (172)
When Quraysh heard this, they rejoiced and were happy and delighted at the way in which he spoke of their gods, and they
listened to him, while the Muslims, having complete trust in their prophet in respect of the messages which he brought from
God, did not suspect him of error, illusion, or mistake. When he came to the prostration, having completed the surah, he prostrated
himself and the Muslims did likewise, following their prophet, trusting in the message which he had brought and following
his example. Those polytheists of the Quraysh and others who were in the mosque (173) likewise prostrated themselves because
of the reference to their gods which they had heard, so that there was no one in the mosque, believer orunbeliever, who did
not prostrate himself. The one exception was al-Walid b. Al-Mughirah, who was a very old man and could not prostrate himself;
but he took a handful of soil from the valley in his hand and bowed over that. Then they all dispersed from the mosque. The
Quraysh left delighted by the mention of their gods which they had hared, saying,"Muhammad has mentioned our goes in the most
favorable way possible, stating in his recitation that they are the high flying cranes and that their intercession is received
The news of the prostration reached those of the messenger of God's companions who were in Abyssinia and people said, "The
Quraysh have accepted Islam." Some rose up to return, while others remained behind. Then Gabriel came to the Messenger of
God and said, "Muhammad, what have you done? You have recited to the people that which I did not bring to you from God, and
you have said that which was not said to you." Then the messenger of God was much grieved and feared God greatly, but God
sent down a revelation to him, for He was merciful to him, consoling him and making the matter light for him, informing him
that there had never been a prophet or a messenger before him who desired as he desired and wished as he wished but that Satan
had cast words into his recitation, as he had cast words on Muhammad's tongue. Then God cancelled what Satan had thus cast,
and established his verses by telling him that he was like other prophets and messengers, and revealed:
"Never did we send a messenger or a prophet before you but that when he recited (the Message) Satan cast words into
his recitation (umniyyah). God abrogates what Satan casts. The God established his verses. God is knower, wise. (174)
Thus God removed the sorrow from his messenger, reassured him about that which he had feared and cancelled the words which
Satan had cast on his tongue, that their gods were the high flying cranes whose intercession was accepted with approval. He
now revealed, following the mention of "al-Lat, al-Uzza and Manat, the third, the other," the words:
"Are yours the males and his the females? That indeed were an unfair division! They are but names which you have named,
you and your fathers."
to the words:
to whom he wills and accept (175)
This means, how can the intercession of their gods avail with God?
When Muhammad brought a revelation from God canceling what Satan had cast on the tongue of His prophet, the Quraysh said,"Muhammad
has repented of what he said concerning the position of your gods with God, and has altered it and brought something else."
Those two phrases which Satan had cast on the tongue of the Messenger of God were in the mouth of every polytheists, and they
became even more ill-disposed and more violent in their persecution of those of them who had accepted Islam and followed the
messenger of God.
Those of the companions of the messenger of God who had left Abyssinia upon hearing that Quraysh had accepted Islam by
prostration themselves with the messenger of God now approached.When they were near Mecca, they heard that the report that
the people of Mecca had accepted Islam was false. Not one of them entered Mecca without obtaining protection or entering secretly.
Among those who came to Mecca and remained there until they emigrated to al-Madinah and were present with the prophet at Badr,
were, from the Banu Abd Shams b. Abd Manaf b. Quasyy, Uthman b. Afafan b. Abi al-As b. Umayyah, accompanied by his wife Ruaqyyah
the daughter of the messenger of God; Abu Hudhayfah b. Utbah b. Rabiah b. Abd Shames, accompanied by his wife Sahlah bt. Suhalyl;
together with a number of others numbering thirty three men.
Al-Qasim b. Al-Hasan - al Husayn b. Daud - Hajja - Abu Mashar - Muhammad b. Kab al-Qurazi and Muhammad b. Qays: The messenger
of God was sitting in a large gathering of Quraysh, wishing that day that no revelation would come to him from God which could
cause them to turn away from him. Then God revealed:
"By the Star when it sets, your comrade does not err, nor is he deceived..."
and the Messenger of God recited it until he came to:
"Have you thought upon al-Lat and al-Uzza and Manat, the third, the other?"
when Satan cast on his tongue two phrases:
"These are the high flying cranes; verily their intercession is to be desired. (176)
He uttered them and went on to complete the surah. When he prostrated himself at the end of the surah, the whole company
prostrated themselves with him. Al-Walid b. al-Mughirah raised some dust to his forehead and bowed over that, since he was
a very old man and could not prostrate himself. They were satisfied with what Muhammad had uttered and said, "We recognize
that it is God who gives life and death, who creates and who provides sustenance, but if these gods of ours intercede for
us with him, and if you give them a share, we are with you."
That evening Gabriel came to him and reviewed the surah with him, and when he reached the two phrases which Satan had cast
upon his tongue he said, "I did not bring you these two." Then the messenger of God said, "I have fabricated things against
God and have imputed to him words which He has not spoken." Then God revealed to him:
"And they indeed strove hard to beguile you away from what we have revealed to you, that you should invent other than
it against us...
to the words:
"and then you would have found no helper against us" (177)
He remained grief stricken and anxious until the revelation of the verse:
"Never did we send a messenger or a prophet before you... to the words...God is knower, wise. (178)
When those who had emigrated to Abyssinia heard that all the people of Mecca had accepted Islam, they returned to their
clans, saying,"They are more dear to us"; but they found that the people had reversed their decision when God cancelled what
Satan had cast upon the messenger of God's tongue.
END OF QUOTES
WATT'S NOTES IN TABARI
170) This section is also omitted by Ibn Hisham, perhaps because he felt it was discreditable to the Prophet.
171) Surah 53; the verses quoted are 1-3 and 19-20.
172) An alternative reading to turtada is turtaja, meaning, "is to be desired or hoped for"
173) The sacred area around the Ka'bah was not, of course, and Islamic mosque at this period, though the word
masjid, "place of prostration, mosque,"seems to have been applied to it.
174) 22:52. The translation deviates here from that of Pickthall in order to make it correspond with what is
required by Tabari's account. The meanings for tamanna and umniyyah, "recite" and "recitation", are well attested (see Lisan
s.v.M-N-Y). An alternative rendering for this verse would be: "Never did we send a messenger of a prophet before you but that
when he formed a wish Satan threw (some vanity) into his desire..."
175) 53:21-23, 26, Tabari explains diza, "unfair," as meaning 'awja, "crooked."
176) Surah 53. This version of the false verses has la-turja, "to be desired or hoped for."
177) 7:73, 75
Hijrah to Abyssinia - page 98
Boycott - page105
Satanic verses spoken by Muhammad- page 107
Muslims return from Abyssinia - page 109
Boycott repealed - page 112
From Ibn Sa'd's "Kitab al Tabaqat al Kabir", Volume 1, parts 1 and 2, pages 236 - 239, translated by S. Moinul Haq, published
by the Pakistan Historical Society.
[NOTE: I have corrected some spelling and punctuation errors and changed some archaic language].
ACCOUNT OF THE CAUSES OF THE RETURN OF THE COMPANIONS OF THE PROPHET, FROM ABYSSINIA
Muhammad Ibn Umar informed us; he said: Yunus Ibn Muhammad Ibn Fudalah al-Azfari related to me on the authority of his
father (second chain) he (Ibn Sa'd) said: Kthir Ibn Zayd related to me on the authority of al-Muttalib Ibn Abd Allah Ibn Hantab;
they said: "the apostle of Allah had seen his people departing from him. He was one day sitting alone when he expressed a
desire: "I wish, Allah had not revealed to me anything distasteful to them."
Then the apostle of Allah, approached them (Quraysh) and got close to them, and they also came near to him. One day he
was sitting in their assembly near the Ka'bah, and he recited: "By the Star when it sets", (1) till he reached, "Have ye thought
upon Al-Uzza and Manat, the third, the other". (2) Satan made him repeat these two phrases: "These idols are high and their
intercession is expected". The apostle of Allah repeated them, and he went on reciting the whole surah and then fell in prostration,
and the people also fell in prostration with him. Al-Walid Ibn al-Mughirah, who was an old man and could not prostrate, took
a handful of dust to his forehead and prostrated on it. It is said: Abu Uhayhah Sa'id Ibn al-As, being an old man took dust
and prostrated on it. Some people say: It was al-Walid who took the dust; others say: It was Abu Uhayhah; while other say:
Both did it. They were pleased with what the apostle of Allah had uttered. They said: "We know that Allah gives life and causes
death. He creates and gives us provisions, but our deities will intercede with Him, and in what you have assigned to them,
we are with you." These words pricked the apostle of Allah.
He was sitting in his house and when it was evening, Gabriel came to him and revised the surah. Then Gabriel said: "Did
I bring these two phrases?" The apostle of Allah said: "I ascribed to Allah, what He had not said."
Then Allah revealed to him: "And they indeed strove hard to beguile you (Muhammad) away from that which We have inspired
you, that you should invent other than it against Us; and then would they have accepted you as a friend. And if We had not
made you wholly firm you might almost have inclined to them a little, Then had We made you taste a double (punishment) of
living and a double (punishment) of dying then had you found no helper against Us.""(1)
Muhammad Ibn Umar informed us; he said: Muhammad Ibn Abd Allah related to me on the authority of al-Zuhri, he on the authority
of Abu Bakr Ibn Abd al-Rahman Ibn al-Harith Ibn Hisham; he said: "This prostration became know to people till the news reached
Abyssinia and the Companions of the apostle of Allah that the people of Makkah fell in protraction and joined Islam including
al-Walid. Ibn al-Mughirah and Abu Uhayhah who prostrated behind the prophet. The people said: "When such persons have joined
Islam, who else remains in Makkah?" They said: "Our relatives are dear to us." So they returned. Where they were at a distance
of one hour's walk from Makkah, they confronted some horsemen of Kinanah. They inquired about the Quraysh and their affairs.
The horse men said: "Muhammad spoke well of their deities, so they followed him but then they turned apostate. He began to
abuse their gods and they began to harm him. We left them in this struggle." They discussed that they should return to Abyssinia;
but then they said: "We have reached here, so let us enter (the town), see the Quraysh and visit our families and then return.""
Muhammad Ibn Umar informed us; he said: Muhammad Ibn Abd Allah related to me on the authority of al-Zuhri, he on the authority
of Abu Bakr Ibn Abd al Rahman; he said: "They entered Makkah and none entered it except under (some one's) protection; Ibn
Masud stayed for a short time and returned to Abyssinia."
Muhammad Ibn Umar said: "They had left (Makkah) in the month of Rajab in the fifth year. There they remained in the months
of Shaban and Ramadan. The incident of prostration took place in Ramadan, and they returned in Shawwal in the fifth year."
END OF IBN SA'D QUOTES
1) Quran 53:1
2) Quran 53:19-20
IBN SA'D'S TIME SEQUENCE
First Hijrah to Abyssinia - pages 235, 236, 11 men, 4 women, month of Rajab in fifth year after Muhammad claimed to be
The Blockade against Muhammad's tribe the Hashimites - page 241
Satanic Verses spoken by Muhammad - pages 236 - 239.
1st return to Mecca - pages 238 - 239
Second Hijrah to Abyssinia - pages 239
Return from Abyssinia just after Khaybar - page 240
FROM IBN ISHAQ'S "SIRAT RASULALLAH", translated as, "THE LIFE OF MUHAMMAD" by A. Guillaume, page 165 - 167.
"(Tabari). Now the apostle was anxious for the welfare of his people, wishing to attract them as far as he could. It
has been mentioned that he longed for a way to attract them, and the method he adopted is what Ibn Hamid told me that Salama
said M. B. Ishaq told him from Yazid b. Ziyad of Medina from M. B. Ka'b al-Qurazi: When the apostle saw what his people turned
their backs on him and he was pained by their estrangement from what he brought them from God he longed that there should
come to him from God a message that would reconcile his people to him. Because of his love for his people and his anxiety
over them it would delight him if the obstacle that made his task so difficult could be removed; so that he meditated on the
project and longed for it and it was dear to him. Then God sent down "by the star when it sets your comrade errs not and is
not deceived, he speaks not from his own desire," and when he reached His words "Have you thought of al-Lat and al-Uzza and
Manat the third, the other (5), Satan, when he was mediating upon it, and desiring to bring it (sc. reconciliation) to his
people, put upon his tongue "these are the exalted Gharaniq (1) whose intercession is approved. (2)" When Quraysh heard that,
they were delighted and greatly pleased at the way in which he spoke of their gods.and they listened to him; while the believers
were holding that what their prophet brought them from their Lord was true, not suspecting a mistake or a vain desire or a
slip, and when he reached the prostration (3) and the end of the Sura in which he prostrated himself the Muslims prostrated
themselves when their prophet prostrated confirming what he brought and obeying his command, and the polytheists of Quraysh
and others who were in the mosque prostrated when they heard the mention of their gods, so that everyone in the mosque believer
and unbeliever prostrated, except al-Walid b. Al-Mughira who was an old man who could not do so, so he took a handful of dirt
from the valley and bent over it. Then the people dispersed and Quraysh went out, delighted at what had been said about their
gods, saying, "Muhammad has spoken of our gods in splendid fashion. He alleged in what he read that they are the exalted Gharaniq
whose intercession is approved."
The news reached the prophet's companions who were in Abyssinia, it being reported that Quraysh had accepted Islam, so
some men started to return while others remained behind. Then Gabriel came to the apostle and said, "What have you done Muhammad?
You have read to these people something I did not bring you from God and you have said what He did not say to you." The apostle
was bitterly grieved and was greatly in fear of God. So God sent down (a revelation), for He was merciful to him, comforting
him and making light of the affair and telling him that every prophet and apostle before him desired as he desired and wanted
what he wanted and Satan interjected something into his desires as he had on his tongue. So God annulled what Satan had suggested
and God established His verses i.e. you are just like the prophets and apostles. The God sent down: "We have not sent a prophet
or apostle before you but when he longed Satan cast suggestions into his longing. But God will annul what Satan has suggested.
Then God will establish his verses, God being knowing and wise. (4). Thus God relieved his prophet's grief, and made him feel
safe from his fears and annulled what Satan had suggested in the words used above about their gods by his revelation. "Are
yours the males and His the females? That were indeed an unfair division" (i.e. most unjust); "they are nothing but names
which your fathers gave them" as far as the words "to whom he pleases and accepts" (5) i.e. how can the intercession of their
gods avail with Him?
When the annulment of what Satan had put upon the prophet's tongue came from God, Quraysh said: "Muhammad has repented
of what he said about the position of your gods with Allah, altered it and brought something else." Now those two words which
Satan had put upon the apostle's tongue were in the mouth of every polytheist and they became more violently hostile to the
Muslims and the apostle's followers. Meanwhile those of his companions who had left Abyssinia when they heard that the people
of Mecca had accepted Islam when they prostrated themselves with the apostle, heard when they approached Mecca that the report
was false and none came into the town without the promise of protection or secretly. Of those who did come into Mecca and
stayed there until he migrated to Medina and were present at Badr with him was Uthman B. Affan... with his wife Ruqayya d.
of the apostle and Abu Hudhayfa b. Zutba with his wife Sahla d. of Suhayl, and a number of others, in all thirty-three men
THE RETURN OF THOSE WHO HAD FLED TO ABYSSINIA
The apostle's companions who had gone to Abyssinia heard that the Meccans had accepted Islamand they set out for the homeland.
But when they got near Mecca they learned that the report was false, so that they entered the town under the protection of
a citizen or by stealth.
5) Sura 53: 1-20
1) The word is said to mean "Numidian Cranes" which fly at a great height.
reading is "turjada" "to be hoped for".
3) Mentioned in the last verse of the Sura.
4) Sura 22:51. The following verse is not without relevance in this context: "that He may make what Satan suggested
a temptation to those whose hearts are diseased and hardened."
5) Sura 53:19-27
Page 167 IBN ISHAQ'S TIMELINE
1) A parallel tradition from M.b. Ka'd al-Qurazi and M.B. Qays is given by Tabari 1195 - 6.
First Migration to Abyssinia - page 146
Boycott - page 159
Mo speaks Satanic Verses - page 165, 166
in Abyssinia return from Abyssinia - pages 167, 168
Annulling of the boycott - page 172
ADDITION INFORMATION FROM IBN ISHAQ FROM "NEW LIGHT ON THE LIFE OF MUHAMMAD, pages 38, 39:
"The manuscript agrees with Salama's report from Ibn Ishaq that the emigrants returned from Abyssinia because they heard
of the conversion of Quraysh in consequence of the concession to polytheism, but strangely enough it does not quote the offending
words. Presumable they were deliberately omitted and readers must have known what they were because otherwise the narrative
would be unintelligible. Tow verses are referred to, but the second is not quoted. In view of its interest I give a translation
of the manuscript:
"(The emigrants) remained where they were until they heard that the people of Mecca had accepted Islam and prostrated themselves.
That was because the chapter of The Star (53) had been sent down to Muhammad and the apostle recited it. Both Muslim and polytheist
listened to it silently until he reached his words "Have you seen (or, "considered") al-Lat and al-Uzza?" They gave ear to
him attentively while the faithful believed (their prophet). Some apostatized when they heard the "saj" of the Satan and said
"By Allah we will serve them (the Gharaniq) so that they may bring us near to Allah". The Satan taught these two verses to
every polytheist and their tongues too to them easily. This weighed heavily upon the apostle until Gabriel came to him and
complained to him of these two verses and the effect that they had upon the people. Gabriel declined responsibility for them
and said "You recited to the people something which I did not bring you from God and you said what you were not told to say".
The apostle was deeply grieved and afraid. Then God send down by way of comfort to him: "Never did we send an apostle or a
prophet before you but when he wished Satan cast a suggestion into his wish" as far as the words "Knowing, Wise"" (Sura 22:51)."
END OF QUOTES FROM "NEW LIGHT ON THE LIFE OF MUHAMMAD".
WAKIDI'S WRITINGS ON THE SATANIC VERSES
W. Muir quotes Wakidi as writing:
"On a certain day, the chief men of Mecca, assembled in a group beside the Kaaba, discussed as was their wont the affairs
of the city; when Mahomet appeared and, seating himself by them in a friendly manner, began to recite in their hearing the
53 Sura.... "
"And see ye not Lat and Ozza, and Manat the third besides?"
"When he had reached this verse, the devil suggested an expression of the thoughts which for many a day had possessed his
soul; and put into his mouth words of reconciliation and compromise, the revelation of which he had been longing for from
"These are the exalted Females, and verily their intercession is to be hoped for"
"The Coreish were surprised and delighted with this acknowledgement of their deities; and as Mahomet wound up the /Sura
with the closing words
"Wherefore bow down before God, and serve Him"
"the whole assembly prostrated themselves with one accord on the ground and worshipped. Walid alone, the son of Mughira,
unable from the infirmities of age to bow down, took a handful of earth and worshipped, pressing it to his forehead."
"And all the people were pleased at that which Mahomet had spoke, and they began to say,
"Now we know that it is the
Lord alone that give life and takes it away, that created and supports. These our goddesses make intercession with Him for
us; and as thou has conceded unto them a portion, we are content to follow thee". But their words disquieted Mahomet, and
he retired to his house. In the evening Gabriel visited him; and the prophet recited the Sura unto him. And Gabriel said,
"What is this that thou has done? Thou has repeated before the people words that I never gave unto thee". So Mahomet grieved
sore, and feared the Lord greatly; and he said, "I have spoken of God that which He had not said." But the Lord comforted
His prophet, and restored his confidence, and cancelled the verse, and revealed the true reading thereof (as it now stands),
"And see ye not Lat and Ozza, and Manat the third beside? What! Shall there be male progeny unto you, and female unto him?
That were indeed an unjust partition! They are naught but names, which ye and your Fathers have invented, etc."END
OF MUIR'S QUOTES FROM WAKIDI
DISCUSSION / REVIEW OF THE SIRA MATERIAL ON THE SATANIC VERSES.
All four of the biographies agree on all the primary facts:
1) Muhammad did not want to further offend the Meccans and he did not want God to reveal something to him that would
cause further offence.
2) Muhammad desired a revelation that would bring peace between he and the Meccans.
3) When Muhammad began to recite the chapter called "The Star", Satan interjected some words and thoughts into Muhammad's
heart and mind. This was coupled with Muhammad's own desires; thus Muhammad spoke Satan's words.
4) Later, Gabriel rebuked Muhammad for having spoken Satan's words. Muhammad admitted his sinful error and was then comforted
The accounts are very similar. Each contains minor different details, but all agree totally on the relevant essentials
points; Muhammad spoke the Satanic verses. The fact that all of the earliest Islamic sources agree on the event is substantial
evidence that it occurred.
EVIDENCE FROM SAHIH HADITH THAT MUHAMMAD SPOKE THE SATANIC VERSES
There are references to the event found in Bukhari. Although the actual Satanic verses are not recorded by Bukhari, part
of the event is related:
6.385 Narrated Ibn Abbas:
The Prophet performed a prostration when he finished reciting Surat an-Najm, and all the
Muslims and pagans and Jinns and human beings prostrated along with him.
What is of note here is that the Hadith states that after Muhammad spoke "The Star", the pagans prostrated. This is exactly
what the four biographers state. Remember, the pagans were totally opposed to Muhammad. They disliked him; he frequently insulted
their faith. Yet here, something Muhammad said, caused them to prostrate with him and the Muslims, in "one accord". Muhammad
had said something persuasive to move them to bow in worship. Of course it was the Satanic verses. There is no allusion to
anything else in the biographical material. Neither is anything specifically recorded in Sahih Hadith or the Quran that refers
to other than the Satanic Verses event.
Note again how this Hadith lines up with the four biographies.
FROM THE QURAN
There are three passages in the Quran that reference the event. These passages are recorded in the biographical material.
The first is the actual passage found in chapter 53, called "The Star", (An-Najm), verses 19 through 26 or so. This passage
has already been mentioned.
The second passage is in chapter 22, called "The Pilgrimage", (Al-Hajj), verses 52, 53:"Never have We sent a single prophet or apostle before you with whose wishes Satan did not tamper. But God abrogates
the interjections of Satan and confirms His own revelations. God is all-knowing and wise. He makes Satan's interjections a
temptation for those whose hearts are diseased, whose hearts are hardened ...
The third passage is chapter 17, called "The Night Journey", (Al Isra), verses 73 - 75:
"They sought to entice you from Our revelations - they nearly did -hoping that you might invent some other scripture
in Our name, and thus become their trusted friend. Indeed had we not strengthened your faith, you might have made some compromise
with them and thus incurred a double punishment in this life and in the next. Then you should have found none to help you
All of these verses are mentioned in the biographical material. All of them were revealed in relation to Muhammad speaking
Note how Tabari records Muhammad's admittance of sin and repentance after Gabriel confronted him with his error. Afterwards,
God supposedly comforts Muhammad with the verses from chapters 17 and 22. Ibn Sa'd records the same sequence of verses. After
he admitted his sinful error, Muhammad was comforted by Gabriel. Who was this Gabriel?
See the webpage below for more material dealing with Muhammad interactions with "Gabriel" and Satan..
AN ISLAMIC SCHOLAR'S COMMENTARY (TAFSIR)
One of the greatest Islamic scholars who wrote a Tafsir was Zamakhshari. He commented on this event as well.Here is his
writings, quoted from "The Quran and its Exegesis, by Helmut Gatje, pages 53 - 55, published by Oneworld, Oxford, England
"The faithful rendering of the revelation Zamakhshari on Sura 22:52/51
We have never sent any messenger of prophet before thee, but that Satan cast into his fancy, when he was fancying; but
God annuls what Satan casts, then God confirms His signs - surely God is All-knowing, All-wise.
.. The occasion of the sending down of the present verse is the following: As the members of the tribe of the messenger
of God turned away from him and took their stand against him and his relatives also opposed him and refused to be guided by
what he brought to them, then, as a result of the extreme exasperation concerning their estrangement and as a result of the
eager desire and longing that they be converted to Islam, the messenger of God sheltered the wish that nothing would come
down to him that could make them shy away. Perhaps he should have been able to use that for the purpose of converting them
and causing them to be dissuaded from their error and obstinacy. Now this wish continued in him until the sura called "The
Star" (that is, Sura 53) came down. At that time he found himself with this wish in his heart regarding the members of his
tribe. Then he began to recite, and when he came to God's words "and Manat, the third, the other" (Sura 53:20), Satan substituted
something in accordance with the wish which the messenger of God had sheltered, that is, he whispered something to him which
would enable the messenger to announce his wish. In an inadvertent and misleading manner, his tongue hurried on ahead of him,
so that he said: "These (goddesses are the) exalted cranes. Their intercession (with God) is to be hoped for."...Yet, the
messenger of God was not clear at this point until the protection of God "isma" reached him and he then became attentive again.
Some say that Gabriel drew his attention to it, or that Satan himself spoke those words and brought them to the people's
hearing. As soon as the messenger of God prostrated (for prayer) as the end of the sura, all who were present did it with
him and felt pleased (that is, the unbelievers felt pleased that their goddesses had been accepted as intercessors with God).
A) It must be pointed out again that the "Satanic Verses" event is not something made up by non-Muslims. The
event is recorded by the earliest Islamic sources available on Muhammad's life. And these men were devout Muslim scholars.
They spent their lives studying, analyzing, and writing about Muhammad and Islam. They were real Islamic scholars, unlike
today's amateur "Islamic scholars" like Ahmed Deedat and Jamal Baidawi. Also, these sources provide chains of narration -
isnaad, showing that the event is traceable to the earliest Muslims.
Regarding these early Islamic scholars, William Muir writes in "The Life of Muhammad" that:
"Pious Mussulmans of after days, scandalized at the lapse of their prophet into so flagrant a concession to idolatry,
would reject the whole story. But the authorities are too strong to be impugned. It is hardly possible to conceive how the
tale, if not founded in truth, could ever have been invented."
B) One of the terms Muhammad used to describe the pagan Goddesses - Manat, Uzza and al-Lat was "gharaniq" translated
as "high flying cranes".
In "Muhammad and the Religion of Islam", by John Gilchrist, published by Jesus to the Muslims, page 118, Gilchrist writes:
"The Arabic word "gharaniq" refers to certain cranes which fly at a great height. The pagan Meccans, impressed by the
splendor of these birds, therefore described their goddesses by an analogous reference to them. When Muhammad quoted the very
words used by the Meccans to exalt their goddesses, they said to one another "Muhammad has spoken of our gods in excellent
In the area there were cranes that flew at high altitudes. It was quite logical for Muhammad to thus describe the idols
as "high flying", metaphorically flying in the heavens close to Allah - to act as intercessors.
C) Another note of interest, Muhammad claimed that his Quran was above human invention. He challenged anyone,
including "jinn" to produce something like the Quran. Well, we see that Satan was able to do so. Gabriel had to confront Muhammad
with the fact that those "Satanic Verses" were not Allah's words. And note, all of the Muhammadans, i.e., Muhammad's followers,
also prostrated when Muhammad prostrated. They did not realize that a false Quran had been spoken. Obviously, this "Quran"
is not that special; even Satan was able to bring forth similar material.
FUNDAMENTALIST MUSLIM'S COMPLAINTS AND DENIALS
As was stated at the beginning, many fundamentalist Muslims today are embarrassed and ashamed that the man they follow
was used by Satan to speak Satan's words. It is understandable that Muhammadans are ashamed; what kind of prophet speaks Satan's
I will examine several of their arguments against the occurrence of the event. But note, there are numerous arguments and
the scope of this paper is not to address each and every one. Most of them are subjective and lack substance; they are not
worth the time of a reply.
One set of denials is put forth by a set of Muslim writers M S M Saifullah, Qasim Iqbal, Jason Hannan, Mansur Ahmed &
Muhammad Ghoniem. Much of their work is copied from other Muslim's works. What follows are some of their arguments.
Denial / Complaint #1
The fundamentalist Muslim usually complain about someone criticizing their religion. And to cover the weakness of their
position, they personally attack Christians or others who put forth the criticism. So, to start with, they complain about
Christians identifying Muhammad with the Beast of Revelation 13. Here is their first complaint:
"The word Maometis means The number of the beast, i.e., 666, by which Muhammad was known in the Middle
Ages. The names Mahoun and Mahound refer to Muhammad, imagined by credulous Europeans to be a pagan God. These derogatory
names were concocted by "love-thy- neighbor", "turn-thy-cheek" Christians who maintained an open policy of defamation against
Islam and Muhammad throughout the Middle Ages. Apparently, this policy still exists today, though in a more sophisticated
Shouldn't a false prophet be pointed out? If a man speaks Satan's words as God's, shouldn't this be revealed? Further,
Islam denies the Sonship, Crucifixion, Messiahship, and death and resurrection of Jesus Christ - shouldn't this be exposed?
Additionally, didn't Muhammad order that all Jews and Christians be driven out of the Hijaz, i.e. the land where Muhammad
lived? Didn't Muhammad have 800 males, some as young as 12 massacred? Didn't Muhammad allow the rape of female slaves? Didn't
Muhammad torture a man just to obtain money? Didn't Muhammad order the deaths of female slaves for just mocking him? So then,
to equate this evil man with the "Beast" of Revelation is no stretch. Why it may offend Muslims, I encourage all Muslims to
take a deeper look at the man they follow. I encourage all sincere Muslims to re-examine a man upon whom they are staking
their eternity. I have examined Muhammad, and I find him evil. I find him as the greatest false prophet in history.
So then, to equate this evil man with the "Beast" of Revelation is no stretch. While it may offend Muslims, I encourage
all Muslims to take a deeper look at the man they follow. I encourage all sincere Muslims to re-examine a man upon whom they
are staking their eternity. I have examined Muhammad, and I find him evil. I find him as the greatest false prophet in history.
Denial / Complaint #2
Muslim fundamentalists try to make it seem that only one man transmitted the event of the "Satanic Verses" spoken by Muhammad.
"This would not be difficult to understand, given the fact that the so-called 'Satanic verses' were
transmitted from al-Wāqidī to Ibn Sa'd. Ibn Sa'd (d. 230/845), who was the secretary of al-Wāqidī (d. 207/823), ...
In other words, neither al-Wāqidī nor Ibn Sa'd were eye-witnesses to the revelation of 'Satanic verses'; they were simply
the transmitters...Claiming that the issue of so-called 'Satanic verses' incident is true just because al-Tabarī or Ibn Sa'd
mentioned them amounts to a deliberate distortion of the facts."